Monday, July 21, 2014

Prime Minister of Japan's Schedule June 16-22, 2014

Monday, June 16, 2014

AM

12:00 At official residence (no visitors)
08:00 At official residence (no morning visitors)
09:27 Depart from official residence
09:28 Arrive at office
10:30 Meet with Vice-Minister of Cabinet Office Matsuyama Kenji, Director-General for Policy on Cohesive Society Ishii Hiroaki, and Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare’s Director of Employment Security Bureau Okazaki Junichi
10:47 End meeting with Mr. Matsuyama, Mr. Ishii and Mr. Okazaki
10:54 Meet with Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Saiki Akitaka
11:35 End meeting with Mr. Saiki
11:36 Meet with Vice-Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Tatsuoka Tsuneyoshi and Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry’s Director-General of Manufacturing Industries Bureau Miyagawa Tadashi
11:57 End meeting with Mr. Tatsuoka and Mr. Miyagawa

PM
12:54 Depart from office
12:55 Arrive at Diet
12:57 Enter Lower House 1st Committee Members’ Room
12:58 Speak with Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Aso Taro
12:59 Cease speaking with Mr. Aso
01:00 Lower House Committee on Audit and Oversight of Administration commences
05:01 Leave seat during committee proceedings
05:03 Enter LDP President’s Room
05:04 LDP Officers Meeting begins
05:19 Meeting ends
05:20 Speak with LDP Vice-President Komura Masahiko and LDP Secretary-General Ishiba Shigeru
05:24 Cease speaking with Mr. Komura and Mr. Ishiba
05:25 Leave LDP President’s Room
05:26 Enter LDP Secretary-General’s Conference Room
05:27 Endorse candidate for Nagano Prefecture’s gubernatorial election
05:30 Leave room
05:31 Depart from Diet
05:35 Arrive at office
05:42 Industrial Competitiveness Council meeting
06:22 Meeting ends
06:35 Depart from office
06:41 Arrive at Akasaka Estate in Moto-Akasaka, Tokyo, attend Prince Katsura’s wake
07:29 Depart from Akasaka Estate
07:32 Arrive at Hotel New Otani in Kioi-cho, Tokyo. In hotel guest room have informal talk with AOKI Holdings Chairman Aoki Hironori; Nitori Holdings CEO Nitori Akio; FANCL Corporation Chairman Ikemori Kenji; Doutor Coffee Honorary President Toriba Hiromichi; and Starts Corporation Chairman and CEO Muraishi Hisaji. Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide also attends
09:10 Depart from Hotel New Otani
09:27 Arrive at private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo

Tuesday, June 17, 2014

AM

12:00 At private residence (no visitors)
07:17 Depart from private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo
07:30 Arrive at office
07:35 Ministerial Council on the Promotion of Japan as a Tourism-Oriented Country meeting
07:48 Meeting ends
07:52 Cabinet Meeting begins
08:03 Meeting ends
08:55 Depart from office
09:13 Arrive at Toshimagaoka Imperial Cemetery in Otsuka, Tokyo, attend Prince Katsura’s burial ceremony
10:51 Depart from cemetery
11:06 Arrive at office

PM
01:23 Depart from office
01:25 Arrive at Diet
01:27 Enter Upper House 43rd Member’s Room
01:28 Speak with Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare Tamura Norihisa
01:33 Finish speaking with Mr. Tamura
01:34 Upper House Committee on Health, Labour, and Welfare commences
03:37 Leave seat during committee proceedings
03:38 Depart from Diet
03:40 Arrive at office
03:41 Meet with Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Saiki Akitaka
04:10 End meeting with Mr. Saiki
04:11 Director of Cabinet Intelligence Kitamura Shigeru, Director of National Security Council (NSC) Yachi Shotaro, and Director of Cabinet Satellite Intelligence Center Shimohira Koji enter
04:25 Mr. Yachi and Mr. Shimohira leave
04:51 Mr. Kitamura leaves
05:13 Council on National Strategic Special Zones meeting
05:39 Meeting ends
05:59 Meet with Mr. Saiki
06:11 End meeting with Mr. Saiki
06:19 Depart from office
06:30 Arrive at French restaurant “The Crescent” in Shiba Park, Tokyo. Dinner meeting with Mitsui Sumitomo Banking Corporation Deputy-President Takahashi Seiichiro, Kake Educational Institution Board of Trustees Chairman Kake Kotaro, and colleagues
09:05 Depart from “The Crescent”
09:21 Arrive at private residence

Wednesday, June 18, 2014

AM

12:00 At private residence (no visitors)
08:00 At private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo (no morning visitors)
09:40 Depart from private residence
09:54 Arrive at office
10:05 Meet with Special Advisor to the Prime Minister Kimura Taro
10:15 End meeting with Mr. Kimura
10:48 Meet with Minister of Defense Onodera Itsunori and Ministry of Defense (MOD)’s Vice Chief of Joint Staff Iwata Kiyofumi
11:08 End meeting with Mr. Onodera
11:26 Meet with President of LDP Kinki Bloc Conference of Both Houses of the Diet Nikai Toshihiro, Chairman of LDP Special Committee on Superconducting Maglev Linear Motor-Car Train Takemoto Naokazu, and colleagues. Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide also attends
11:47 End meeting with Mr. Nikai, Mr. Takemoto, and colleagues
11:48 Meet with LDP Lower House member Nukaga Fukushiro

PM
12:00 End meeting with Mr. Nukaga
01:18 Meet with President of SoftBank Corporation Son Masayoshi and former US Secretary of State and independent board member of Bloom Energy Corporation Colin Powell
02:10 Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Shimomura Hakubun, Vice-Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Yamanaka Shinichi, and Commissioner of Agency for Cultural Affairs Aoyagi Masanori enter
02:23 Mr. Yamanaka leaves
02:32 Mr. Shimomura and Mr. Aoyagi leave
02:34 National Security Secretariat Advisory Board meeting
03:22 Meeting ends
04:31 Meet with Director of Cabinet Intelligence Kitamura Shigeru, Director of NSC Yachi Shotaro, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA)’s Director-General of Foreign Policy Bureau Hiramatsu Kenji, MOD’s Bureau of Defense Policy Director-General Tokuchi Hideshi, and Chief of Staff of Joint Staff Council Iwasaki Shigeru
05:12 End meeting with Mr. Kitamura, Mr. Yachi, Mr. Hiramatsu, Mr. Tokuchi, and Mr. Iwasaki
06:45 Depart from office
06:56 Arrive at Teppanyaki restaurant Ginza Ukai-tei in Ginza, Tokyo. Dinner meeting with President of Jiji Press Ltd. Nishizawa Yukata, Commentary Committee member Tazaki Shiro, Editor for Political News Desk Watanabe Yuji, and colleagues
09:09 Depart from Ginza Ukai-tei
09:29 Arrive at private residence

Thursday, June 19, 2014

AM

12:00 At private residence (no visitors)
08:00 At private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo (no morning visitors)
08:10 Depart from private residence
09:11 Arrive at money handling machine company GLORY manufacturing plant in Kazo City, Saitama Prefecture, view the plant
09:40 Depart from GLORY manufacturing plant
10:47 Arrive at Narihira Home nursing home in Sumida district, Tokyo
10:48 View and personally test out nursing care robot. Senior Vice Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Matsushima Midori accompanies
11:12 Finish testing out robot
11:13 Interview open to all media: When asked “what were your thoughts viewing the nursing care robots?” Mr. Abe answers “I am convinced that use of these robots has the potential to greatly change quality of life [for those in the robots’ care].”
11:16 Interview ends
11:19 Depart from Narihira Home
11:40 Arrive at office

PM
12:29 Party-Leader Conference with Representative of New Komeito Yamaguchi Natsuo
01:29 Conference with Mr. Yamaguchi ends
03:00 Meet with Chairman of LDP International Intelligence Investigative Committee Harada Yoshiaki and colleagues
03:18 End meeting with Mr. Harada
03:39 Meet with Chairman of New Japan-China Friendship Committee for the 21st Century Nishimuro Taizo, and committee members Asada Jiro and Takahara Akio. MOFA’s Director-General of Asian and Oceanian Affairs Bureau Ihara Jyunichi also attends
04:10 End meeting with Mr. Nishimura, Mr. Asada, Mr. Takahara, and Mr. Ihara
04:28 Meet with Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Shimomura Hakubun
05:06 End meeting with Mr. Shimomura
05:17 Education Rebuilding Implementation Council meeting
05:38 Meeting ends
05:45 Depart from Diet
05:53 Arrive at traditional Japanese restaurant Kioicho Kissho in Kioi-cho, Tokyo. Informal talk with Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Aso Taro, LDP Lower House member Suzuki Keisuke, LDP Upper House member Oie Satoshi, and colleagues
06:27 Depart from Kioicho Kissho
06:35 Arrive at official residence, dinner meeting with Chairman of Lower House Budget Committee Nikai Toshihiro and Director Hayashi Moto
08:29 Mr. Nikai and Mr. Hayashi leave

Friday, June 20, 2014

AM

12:00 At official residence (no visitors)
07:53 Depart from official residence
07:54 Arrive at office
08:02 Intellectual Property Strategy Headquarters meeting
08:07 Meeting ends
08:13 Cabinet Meeting begins
08:29 Cabinet Meeting ends
08:30 Meet with Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Motegi Toshimitsu
08:34 End meeting with Mr. Motegi
08:35 Speak with Minister in charge of Information Technology Policy Yamamoto Ichita
08:40 Finish speaking with Mr. Yamamoto
08:49 Speak with Minister for Reconstruction Nemoto Takumi
08:59 Finish speaking with Mr. Nemoto
09:02 Speak with Minister in charge of Civil Service Reform Inada Tomomi and Director-General of Cabinet Personnel Affairs Bureau Kato Katsunobu
09:13 Finish speaking with Ms. Inada and Mr. Kato
09:22 Speak with Imperial Household Agency Grand Steward Kazaoka Noriyuki
09:35 Finish speaking with Mr. Kazaoka
09:36 Meet with Ministry of Finance’s Senior Deputy Director-General of International Bureau Yamasaki Tatsuo
09:57 End meeting with Mr. Yamasaki
11:00 Meet with Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Saiki Akitaka and MOFA’s Director-General of Middle Eastern and African Affairs Bureau Uemura Tsukasa
11:15 End meeting with Mr. Saiki and Mr. Uemura
11:30 Speak with Special Advisor to the Prime Minister Kimura Taro
11:33 Finish speaking with Mr. Kimura

PM
01:16 Depart from office
01:18 Arrive at Diet
01:19 Enter Lower House Plenary Meeting Hall, attend Lower House Plenary Session
02:34 Speak with LDP Vice-President Komura Masahiko, Secretary-General Ishiba Shigeru, and Chairperson of General Council Noda Seiko
02:36 Finish speaking with Mr. Komura, Mr. Ishiba and Ms. Noda
02:51 Lower House Plenary Session recess
02:52 Leave Lower House Plenary Meeting Hall
02:53 Depart from Diet
02:55 Arrive at office
03:11 Depart from office
03:20 Arrive at Federation of Economic Organizations [Keidanren] Assembly Hall in Otemachi, Tokyo. Attend convention for all credit unions in Japan, deliver address
03:43 Depart from assembly hall
03:52 Arrive at office
04:13 Meet with MOFA’s Director-General of North American Affairs Bureau Tomita Koji and MOD’s Bureau of Defense Policy Deputy Director-General Manabe Ro
04:28 End meeting with Mr. Tomita and Mr. Manabe
05:17 Ministerial Council on Monthly Economic Report and Other Relative Issues meeting
05:31 Meeting ends
05:34 Meet with Director of Cabinet Intelligence Kitamura Shigeru
06:03 End meeting with Mr. Kitamura
06:05 Depart from office
06:15 Arrive at Palace Hotel Tokyo in Marunouchi, Tokyo. In banquet hall Aoi, attend a gathering to Express Gratitude for the Enhancement of Policies for the Promotion of Small-Sized Enterprises, deliver address
06:27 Depart from hotel
06:37 Arrive at office
06:53 Depart from office
06:55 Arrive at LDP Party Headquarters. Attend general meeting of LDP Internet Supporters Club [ネットサポーターズクラブ], deliver address
07:04 Depart from headquarters
07:09 Arrive at Ark Mori Building in Akasaka, Tokyo. Dinner meeting with President of Kyodo News Service Fukuyama Masaki and press colleagues
09:50 Depart from Ark Mori Building
10:09 Arrive at private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo

Saturday, June 21, 2014
AM
12:00 At private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo (no visitors)
08:00 At private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo (no morning visitors)
Stays at private residence throughout the morning (no visitors)

PM
02:09 Depart from private residence
02:21 Arrive at hotel Grand Hyatt Tokyo in Roppongi, Tokyo. Exercise at NAGOMI Spa and Fitness
05:40 Depart from hotel
06:06 Arrive at private residence
06:07 Interview open to all media: When asked about “the decision to register Tomioka Silk Mill as a UNESCO World Heritage Site,” Mr. Abe answers “I expect that many people will come to see Tomioka Silk Mill from all across the world.”
06:08 Interview ends

Sunday, June 22, 2014

AM

12:00 At private residence (no visitors)
10:00 At private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo (no morning visitors)
Stays at private residence throughout the morning (no visitors)

PM
Stays at private residence throughout the afternoon and evening (no visitors)

Sunday, July 20, 2014

Monday in Washington, July 21, 2014

THE ENEMY OF MY ENEMY: AN UNEASY COALITION AND THE THREAT OF ISIS. 7/21, 10:00-11:30am. Sponsor: Atlantic Council. Speakers: Lukman Faily, ambassador, Embassy of the Republic of Iraq to the United States; Frederic Hof, senior fellow, Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, Atlantic Council; Bilal Saab, senior fellow for Middle East Security, Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security, Atlantic Council; Michael Singh, managing director, Washington Institute for Near East Policy; Matthew Spence, deputy assistant secretary, Defense for Middle East Policy, US Department of Defense; and Barry Pavel, vice president and director, Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security, Atlantic Council.

THE AIR FORCE RESERVE AT A CROSSROADS. 7/21, 9:30-10:30am. Sponsor: Air Force Association's (AFA) Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies. Speaker: Lt. Gen. James "JJ" Jackson, chief of the Air Force Reserve.

ISIS (ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND SYRIA), IRAQ AND THE GULF STATES. 7/21, 10:00-11:30am. Sponsor: The Institute for Gulf Affairs. Speakers: Shireen Hunter, visiting professor at Georgetown University; Abbas Kadhim, senior fellow at the Johns Hopkins University Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies' Foreign Policy Institute; Kadhim Al-Waeli, Iraq military analyst; and Ali AlAhmed, director of the Institute for Gulf Affairs.

PAKISTAN'S VISION FOR REGIONAL PEACE, PROSPERITY, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. 7/21, 10:30am-Noon. Sponsor: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP). Speakers: Tariq Fatemi, special assistant to the prime minister of Pakistan; and Frederic Grare, director of the South Asia Program at CEIP.

IRAN'S NUCLEAR CHESS: CALCULATING AMERICA'S MOVES. 7/21, Noon-1:15pm. Sponsor: The Woodrow Wilson Center's (WWC) Middle East Program. Speakers: Mitchell Reiss, president of Washington College; David Sanger, chief Washington correspondent at The New York Times; Robert Litwak, director of international security studies at WWC; and Haleh Esfandiari, director of the WWC Middle East Program.

LESSONS FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH FROM THE U.S. AND THE WORLD. 7/21, 1:00-2:00pm. Sponsor: World Bank. Speakers: Council of Economic Advisers Chairman Jason Furman; and Kaushik Basu, senior vice president and chief economist at the World Bank.

OBAMA'S FOREIGN POLICY AND THE FUTURE OF THE MIDDLE EAST. 7/21, 2:00-4:30pm. Sponsor: Middle East Policy Council. Speakers: Kenneth Pollack, senior fellow in the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution; Paul Pillar, nonresident senior fellow at the Center for Security Studies at Georgetown University; Amin Tarzi, director of Middle East studies at Marine Corps University; Charles Freeman, chair of Projects International Inc.; and Thomas Mattair, executive director of the Middle East Policy Council.

LIVING WITH CYBER INSECURITY: REDUCING THE NATIONAL SECURITY RISKS OF AMERICA'S CYBER DEPENDENCIES. 7/21, 4:00-5:30pm. Sponsor: The Center for a New American Security (CNAS). Speakers: Dan Kaufman, director of the Information Innovation Office at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); Mike Walker, program manager at the DARPA Information Innovation Office; Melissa Hathaway, president of Hathaway Global Strategies LLC, former cyber coordination executive and director of the Joint Interagency Cyber Task Force and former acting senior director for cyberspace at the National Security Council; Gary McGraw, CTO of Cigital; and Ben FitzGerald, director of the Technology & National Security Program at CNAS.


THE NEXT ECONOMIC DISASTER: WHY IT'S COMING AND HOW TO AVOID IT. 7/21, 5:00-7:00pm, Washington, DC. Sponsor: New America Foundation. Speakers: Steve Clemons, Washington Editor, The Atlantic, Senior Fellow, American Strategy Program, New America Foundation; Sherle R. Schwenninger, Director, Economic Growth Program, New America Foundation; and Richard Vague, Author, The Next Economic Disaster: Why It's Coming and How to Avoid It.

Sunday, July 13, 2014

Louis Zamperini Unbroken

On July 3rd, Louis Zamperini died. He had faced death many times as a young man. And defied the "odds" many more. As a POW of Japan he was beaten, starved, experimented upon, and dehumanized. It was with God's grace that he survived to be 97. You can sign the guest book HERE.

The video documentary is an excellent snapshot of Zamperini's life as portrayed in the still, after four years, best-seller Unbroken.

It is hoped that the movie will inspire the many, still-existing Japanese corporations that used and abused the POWs they requested from Imperial Japan's Army Ministry to finally acknowledge how they treated POWs and to offer an apology. Zamperini, like all POW slave laborers, was tormented by Japanese corporate employees as much as by Japanese soldiers.

In Japan, after a brutal interrogation at the infamous Naval Interrogation Center in Ofuna in Kamakura, Zamperini was sent to Tokyo Base Camp # 1 Omori. There he was a slave laborer for Nippon Express. In March 1945, Zamperini was sent north to Niigata to Tokyo-04-Branch Camp where he was a slave laborer for ShinEtsu Chemical and Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Corp. Naoetsu (NSSC, formerly Nippon Stainless). Although Bird was a military POW guard, his job was to ensure discipline among the POW laborers for the company and it is possible that he was paid by the company and not the government as many were. 

To date, no Japanese company has formally, officially acknowledged or offered an apology for their use and abuse of Allied POW slave labor. Two current Abe Cabinet members, ASO Taro (Finance) and HAYASHI Yoshimasa (Agriculture) have direct family ties and stock holdings in companies that used POW slave labor. 


At both the Omori and Naeotsu POW slave labor camps, Zamperini was singled out for special torture by Mutsuhiro Watanabe, know as "The Bird." In explicably, he followed Zamperini to Naeotsu. Although, both Japanese guards and POWs acknowledged that Watanabe as a cruel psychopath, no superior ever tried to stop him. As Watanabe observes, he was not given any military orders on how to treat the POWs. Yet, as you see below, Zamperini found it possible to forgive him. Watanabe refused to meet with Zamperini and felt it only natural to beat and kick POWs. In the interview above, Watanabe brushes off his cruelty as simply the judgement of Westerners.

Ulaanbaatar Dialogue on Northeast Asian Security


This article on the first international Ulaanbaatar Dialogue was published in The Jamestown Foundation's Eurasia Daily Monitor Volume: 11 Issue: 126 on July 11, 2014.

On June 17, the Mongolian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Mongolia’s Institute for Strategic Studies (ISS) organized an international seminar entitled “Ulaanbaatar Dialogue on Northeast Asia.” The brainchild of Mongolian President Tsakhia Elbegdorj, this new security dialogue mechanism was announced in 2013 at the VII Ministerial Conference of the Community of Democracies. At that time Elbegdorj proclaimed the conference goal was to assist and facilitate a peaceful solution to the confrontation on the Korean peninsula, therefore “Mongolia is willing to open up new gateways for the issues at a standstill” (infomongolia.mn, April 29, 2013). Speakers included researchers from nine nations (Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, China, Russia, Japan, US, the Netherlands, Germany and the United Kingdom) and among the more than 100 attendees were diplomats, military specialists and academics. The unusual mix of participants led the Mongols to dub the meeting a “Track 1.5” gathering.

At the outset ISS officials announced that there would be a first-ever trilateral summit in late August between Elbegdorj, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping (infomongolia.com, May 26). The Ulaanbaatar Dialogue came on the heels of a secret “Track 1.5” meeting that took place in Ulaanbaatar on May 21 between North Korean Deputy Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho and three former US officials: Robert Einhorn, former Obama administration Special Advisor for Non-Proliferation and Arms Control at the US Department of State; Joel Witt, former State Department official who is now Director of the SAIS/Johns Hopkins’ US–Korea Institute; and Robert Carlin, a former Central Intelligence Agency analyst (hani.co.kr, May 22; voanews.com, May 28).

At the June 17 conference, keynote speaker Migeddorj Batchimeg, a Mongolian parliamentarian and member of the ISS policy council, emphasized Mongolia’s belief that there is no single formal mechanism for the Six Party Talks—aimed at ending North Korea’s nuclear program—and the Ulaanbaatar Dialogue should been seen as just one venue: “Solutions to big problems do not have to start big.” The other keynote speaker, ISS Director Damba Ganbat, outlined how Mongolia seeks to build a regional security platform. Conference discussion was focused on the present Northeast Asia security situation, the reasons for the absence of a regional security mechanism, the role of economic and environmental factors in promoting regional cooperation and confidence as well as suggestions on how to promote trust and closer regional cooperation.

The major surprise at the conference was that more than half of the time was devoted to historical Asian disputes, including heated exchanges involving Chinese and Japanese speakers, instead of nuclear proliferation and increasing militarization of the Korean peninsula. General Huang Baifu, Vice Chairman of China Institute for International Strategic Studies, harshly criticized the Japanese for WWII atrocities and defended the policies of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). Qu Xing, President of the China Institute for International Studies, claimed that Northeast Asia had the largest amount of conventional and nuclear weapons in the world and the situation was complicated by the presence of US alliances, which made it counterproductive for China to end its protective relationship with North Korea.

One highlight of the discussion was the participation of a North Korean official, Lee Yong Phil, former researcher at the country’s Institute for Peace and Disarmament, who is presently a diplomat assigned to Ulaanbaatar. His presentation attacked the US for ‘hegemonism’ and asserted that tension and instability on the peninsula was rooted in the American attempt to create a NATO-like system in the Asian region through the US—South Korea—Japan alliance. He said that since the US was not an Asian country, it did not have the right to speak on Korean issues, but nevertheless asked for a positive signal from Washington, such as stopping military exercises in the region and normalizing relations with North Korea. Despite his pointed criticisms, Lee Yong Phil supported the Ulaanbaatar Dialogue mechanism and was eager to engage US presenters in private conversations. He also publicly announced that he would convey to his government the idea of working on small, clearly defined economic cooperation projects as a way to ease regional tensions.

On the Americans side, speeches were made by Dr. Alicia Campi, President of The Mongolia Society; Dr. Kent Calder, Director of the Reischauer Center at SAIS/Johns Hopkins; Dr. T.J. Pempel of the University of California Berkeley; and Peter Beck of the Asia Foundation in Seoul. All the Americans except for Beck were upbeat about the possibilities of small inter-regional economic projects as a first step in building infrastructure and confidence between the Northeast Asian states. The Russian delegation consisted of two well-known Mongolian specialists from the Institute of Oriental Studies in the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow and two professors from Ulan Ude’s Buriat State University. Delegation head Vladimir Grayvoronskiy suggested the Mongols were moving from bilateral to trilateral strategic partnerships such as Russia–China–Mongolia and maintained that the stagnation in Russian–Mongolian relations had ended with the beginning of a “new wave” of cooperation.

Notable for their reluctance to overtly support the Ulaanbaatar Dialogue was the South Korean delegation. The representatives from the South Korean Institute for National Security Strategy (INSS) were particularly pessimistic about any Mongolian contribution to Northeast Asia’s security and warned that serious territorial disputes in the region are creating the danger of hyper-nationalism. General Ki-Duk Lee, General Director of the INSS Research Planning and Administration, noted the paradox that now there is more instability in the region, even though there is more economic integration. Calling for patience and a step-by-step approach, he suggested working on non-traditional security issues first and then creating a multilateral security consultation body. On the second day of the conference, the international presenters had a photo opportunity with President Elbegdorj and visited a Chinggis Khaan statue and museum complex in the countryside.

While the harsh tone of some of the conference rhetoric discomforted many recipients, the Mongolian side was pleased with the results and even saw the angry exchanges as a positive development. The new Mongolian activism toward the Korean peninsula was generally supported by the international researchers in attendance. Officially, the Mongolian government continued to emphasize that the Ulaanbaatar Dialogue “is not a single action, but a mechanism of trilateral or multilateral dialogue depending on the agenda” (The Mongol Messenger, June 19) and announced that the conference will be organized regularly in the future.

Monday in Washington, July 14, 2014


Bastille Day!

ENDING WARS TO BUILD PEACE. 7/14, 8:30am-12:45pm. Sponsors: United States Institute of Peace (USIP); Rand Arroyo Center; and Center for the Study of Civil-Military Operations, U.S. Military Academy. Speakers: Gideon Rose, Author, How Wars End; Lt. Gen. Robert Caslenl, Superintendent, U.S. Military Academy; Jim Jeffery, Former United States Ambassador to Iraq; James Kunder, Former Deputy Administrator, United States Agency for International Development; Army Lt. Gen. Mark Milley, Commander, U.S. Army III Corps; Rick Brennan, Senior Political Scientist, RAND; and Tara Sonenshine, Distinguished Fellow, George Washington University. Location: USIP, 2301 Constitution Ave., NW. Contact:

2014 EIA ENERGY CONFERENCE. 7/14-7/15. Sponsor: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. Speakers: John Auers, Turner Mason; Justin Baca, Solar Energy Industries Association; Bill Booth, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Jason Bordoff, Columbia University Center on Global Energy Policy; Gwen Bredehoeft, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Sam Brooks, ClearRock; Beth Calabotta, Monsanto; José Manuel Carrera Panizzo, PMI Comercio Internacional; Jim Diefenderfer, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Jacob Dweck, Sutherland Asbill & Brennan LLP; Ramón Espinasa, Inter-American Development Bank; Mindi Farber-DeAnda, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Samuel Gorgen, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Susan Grissom, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Sidhant Gupta, Microsoft Research; Antoine Halff, International Energy Agency; Gustavo Hernández-García, Pemex; Trisha Hutchins, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Valerie Karplus, MIT China Energy and Climate Project; Robert Kleinberg, Schlumberger; Tom Leckey, U.S. Energy Information Administration; John Maples, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Silvia de Marucci, Panama Canal Authority; Brewster McCracken, Pecan Street Inc.; Nancy McGuckin, Travel Behavior Associates; Pamela Morgan, Graceful Systems LLC; Chris Namovicz, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Shirley Neff, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Don Pickrell, Volpe; Edward Randolph, California Public Utilities Commission; Joanne Shore, American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers; Eric Slifka, Global Partners LP; Paul Sotkiewicz, PMJ Interconnection; John Staub, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Jim Turnure, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Fred Upton, House Energy and Commerce Committee; Maria van der Hoeven, International Energy Agency; Jamie Webster, IHS; William Woebkenberg, Daimler; Jonathan Woetzel, McKinsey & Company; Lynn Westfall, U.S. Energy Information Administration; Xiaojie Xu, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Daniel Yergin, IHS; Nancy Young, Airlines for America.

UKRAINE: THE MAIDAN AND BEYOND. 7/14, Noon-2:00pm. Sponsor: National Endowment for Democracy (NED). Speakers: Anders Aslund, Senior Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics; Serhiy Kudelia, Professor Of Political Science, Baylor University; Lucan Way, Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Toronto; Nadia Diuk, Vice President for Europe, Eurasia, Africa and Latin America, NED; and Marc Plattner, Co-Editor, Journal of Democracy.

WEBCAST: EMERGING INTERNET TRENDS THAT WILL SHAPE THE GLOBAL ECONOMY. 7/14, 12:30-2:00pm. Sponsor: World Bank. Speakers: Vint Cerf, Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist, Google; and Kaushik Basu, Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, World Bank Group.

WHEN IS FOREIGN INTERNAL DEFENSE (FID) A SMART POLICY TOOL FOR WASHINGTON? 7/14, 11:00am-12:30pm. Sponsor: Cato. Speakers: David S. Maxwell, Associate Director, Center for Security Studies & Security Studies Program, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University; Sean McFate, Senior Fellow, Africa Center, Atlantic Council; Vanda Felbab-Brown, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Brookings; James B. Story, Director, Office of Western Hemisphere Programs, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, U.S. Department of State; and Jennifer Keister, Visiting Research Fellow, Cato. 

THE EICHMANN TRIAL. 7/14, Noon-1:30pm. Sponsor: Program for Jewish Civilization, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University. Speaker: Deborah Lipstadt, author, Dorot Associate Professor of Modern Jewish and Holocaust Studies, Emory University. 

POST-CRISIS FISCAL POLICY. 7/14, 12:15pm. Sponsor: Peterson Institute for International Economics (IIE). Speakers: Philip Gerson, deputy director, European Department, IMF; Abdelhak Senjadji, assistant director, Fiscal Affairs Department, IMF; Carlo Cottarelli, Italian Commissioner of Public Spending; Vitor Gaspar, director, Fiscal Affairs Department, IMF; Maya MacGuineas, president, Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget; and Adam Posen, president, IIE.

THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL ROADMAP THAT WILL LEAD TO THE DISCOVERY OF POTENTIALLY HABITABLE WORLDS AMONG THE STARS. 7/14, 2:00-3:30pm. Sponsor: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Speakers: Charles Bolden, NASA Administrator; Ellen Stofan, Chief Scientist, NASA; John Grunsfeld, Astronaut And Associate Administrator, Science Mission Directorate, NASA; John Mather, Senior Project Scientist, Webb Telescope, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center; Sara Seager, Professor Of Planetary Science And Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Dave Gallagher, Director Of Astronomy And Physics, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory; and Matt Mountain, Director, Space Telescope Science Institute.

WOMEN OF WASHINGTON. 7/14, 4:30-5:30pm. Sponsor: The Atlantic. Speakers: Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R-FL; and Steve Clemons, Editor-At-Large, The Atlantic.

Wednesday, July 9, 2014

Japan and the art of un-apologising

Japan and the art of un-apologising is an Op Ed published first in The Canberra Times, June 29, 2014 By Dr. Tessa Morris-Suzuki, APP member and an Australian National University College of Asia and the Pacific Japanese history professor and an Australian Research Council Laureate Fellow.

The Japanese government has long had difficulties coming up with effective apologies for the wartime misdeeds of the country’s military.

For decades, while many ordinary Japanese grassroots groups worked tirelessly to right the wrongs of the past, the silence from the corridors of power in Tokyo was deafening.

But then in the 1990s all that changed, and the Japanese government issued a series of statements on the events of the war. Like official apologies elsewhere, these were not perfect. Turning words into deeds proved to be a challenge. But the apologies enhanced Japan's standing in the eyes of the world; above all, they made a very big difference to many of the surviving victims.

Now the world is confronted with the spectacle of a Japanese government caught up in a contorted process of un-apologising; and a very strange and disturbing spectacle it is too.

The issue at stake is the Kono Declaration of 1993, an apology issued by Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono to the so-called "comfort women", women who suffered terrible sexual and other abuse in an empire-wide network of wartime military brothels.

Sexual violence in war is not a problem unique to Japan. Many countries have ugly stains on their history. But the "comfort station" system was remarkable in its size – tens of thousands of women were recruited. And there is abundant testimony from victims and others that many of the women were recruited by force or trickery.

The 1993 Kono Declaration was a forthright apology for these events. Though it focused particularly on Korean women, it was also addressed to former "comfort women" in other countries including Australia. It admitted that they were "recruited against their own will, through coaxing, coercion, and so on" and "lived in misery at comfort stations under a coercive atmosphere". It went on to promise that Japan would "forever engrave such issues in our memories through the study and teaching of history".

The Japanese government refused to provide direct monetary compensation to former "comfort women". But, following the Kono Declaration, it did offer welfare and medical support, while "atonement money" was paid from a non-governmental fund. This response, sadly, created divisions among the survivors: some welcomed the payments; others rejected them on the grounds that the Japanese state should pay direct compensation itself.

During the late 1990s, some Japanese history texts were extended to include a very brief mention of the "comfort women" issue, but this aroused the ire of Japanese nationalists, who launched a fierce campaign for more "patriotic" history education. All mention of the issue has now disappeared from textbooks, and the promise to engrave the issue in public memory has simply not been kept.

Meanwhile, the "comfort women" issue had become a political football in both Japan and Korea, being used by nationalists on both sides to enhance their popularity. In Japan some prominent conservative politicians launched fierce attacks on the Kono Declaration, which they regarded as an insult to the memory of Japan's war dead.

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has always been uncomfortable with the declaration's references to coercion. But Abe is also an eager supporter of Japan's alliance with the US; and the US government, concerned to maintain good relations between Japan and South Korea, insists that Japan stand by the declaration.

This left the government with a dilemma: how to undo the words of the Kono Declaration without officially withdrawing the declaration. Here is the solution.

Step one: create a committee to "re-examine" the process by which the apology was put together. This, not surprisingly, finds evidence that the Japanese and Korean governments negotiated about the wording of the apology before it was released. Now the apology can be presented, not as a truly Japanese document, but as a compromise worked out by a Japanese government that lacked the will to stand up to pressure from the Koreans.

Step two: cast doubt on the veracity of victims. The Japanese committee's "re-examination" of the Kono Declaration does this by stressing the fact that some of the former comfort women whose testimony was collected had "quite confused memories", and that the Japanese government did not fact-check their stories.

Step three: define the word "force" extremely narrowly, so that it applies only to situations where women were marched out of their homes at gunpoint by members of the Japanese military. This allows your committee to inform the world that, according to the studies conducted by Japan, it is, after all, "not possible to confirm that women were 'forcefully recruited'".

The result is the un-apology that you make when you are not un-apologising. Now the Japanese government can truthfully insist that it has not withdrawn the Kono Declaration; all it has done is very effectively to demolish its credibility.

Prime Minister Abe has repeatedly stated that the "comfort women" issue should be left to the scholarly judgment of historians, but the government's committee contained just one historian, Ikuhiko Hata, who had been campaigning for years to have the Kono Declaration rewritten.

Hata, who has also made an art form of combing through the testimony of former "comfort women" for any inconsistency that may cast doubt on their truthfulness, publicly predicts that the committee's report is likely to make some Japanese people "so enraged that their hair will stand on end" and "conclude that Japan was duped by Korea". "Maybe," he adds, "a new public view will emerge that the Kono Declaration should be withdrawn."

The next step, foreshadowed by the prime minister's key political confidant Koichi Hagiuda, may be official tours to countries including Australia to present them with the "facts" revealed by the new committee report.

How Prime Minister Abe handles this issue on his impending visit to Australia will be watched with great interest – and at least some discomfort.

Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Asia in Washington this Week

FILM SCREENING: AI WEIWEI: THE FAKE CASE. 7/8, 7:30pm. Sponsor: Freedom House. Speaker: Dr. Daniel Calingaert, executive vice president at Freedom House.

PARK-XI: THE POST SUMMIT ASSESSMENT. 7/9, 3:00-4:30pm. Sponsors: Korea Chair; and Freeman Chair in China Studies, CSIS. Speakers: Victor Cha, Senior Adviser and Korea Chair, CSIS and Christopher Johnson, Senior Adviser and Freeman Chair in China Studies, CSIS. 

ASIA IN WASHINGTON. 7/9, Noon-2:00pm.. Sponsor: Japan Commerce Association of Washington DC (JCAW). Speaker: Kent E. Calder, author, Director, Edwin O. Reischauer Center for East Asian Studies, SAIS, Johns Hopkins.

BUILDING A NEW MODEL OF MAJOR COUNTRY RELATIONS. 7/10, 4:00pm-5:30pm. Sponsor: Freeman Chair in China Studies, CSIS. Speakers: Zha Peixin, Foreign Policy Advisory Committee, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China, and Former Chinese Ambassador to the United Kingdom; Li Fenglin, Foreign Policy Advisory Committee, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China, and Former Chinese Ambassador to Russia; Zhu Yinghuan, Foreign Policy Advisory Committee, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China, Editor-in-Chief Emeritus, China Daily Newspaper Group, and Vice Chairman of All-China Translators’ Association; and Christopher Johnson, Senior Adviser and Freeman Chair in China Studies, CSIS. Location: 1st Floor Conference Room, CSIS, 1616 Rhode Island Ave., NW. Contact:

GENERATION PRAGUE 2014: INNOVATION IN INTERNATIONAL SECURITY. 7/10, 8:45am-4:30pm. Sponsor: Department of State. Speakers: Rose Gottemoeller, Undersecretary of State; Chris Murphy, Senator; Andrew Weber, Assistant Defense Secretary; Tom Countryman, Assistant Secretary of State; and Laura Holgate, Senior Director, National Security Council; Frank Klotz, Administrator, National Nuclear Security Administration; and Doug Frantz, Assistant Secretary of State.

RECENT TRENDS IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA AND U.S. POLICY. 7/10-7/11. Sponsor: Southeast Asia Studies, CSIS. Speakers: Ernest Z. Bower, CSIS; Mike Rogers (R-MI), Chairman, House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence; Murray Hiebert, CSIS; Patrick M. Cronin, Center for New American Security; Tran Truong Thuy, Foundation for East Sea Studies, Vietnam; Alan Dupont, University of New South Wales, Australia; Christopher Johnson, CSIS; Ernest Z. Bower, CSIS; Phillip C. Saunders, U.S. National Defense University; Carlyle A. Thayer, University of New South Wales, Australia; Christian Le Mière, IISS, UK; Shahriman Lockman, ISIS, Malaysia; Paul F. Zukunft, Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard; Jonathan G. Odom, Office of the Secretary of Defense; Vu Hai Dang, Vietnam Lawyers Association; Bing Bing Jia, Tsinghua University, China; Henry Bensurto, Department of Foreign Affairs, Philippines; Christopher Johnson, CSIS; Michael J. Green, CSIS; Andrew Shapiro, Beacon Global Strategies; Wallace C. Gregson, Center for National Interest; Robert Suettinger, Stimson Center; Michael Fuchs, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Strategy and Multilateral Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs; Paul Reichler, Attorney, Legal Adviser on Philippines Tribunal Case; Bonnie S. Glaser, CSIS; Chu Shulong, Tsinghua University; Yoji Koda, Harvard University; Charmaine Misalucha, De La Salle University; Arif Havas Oegroseno, Ambassador of Indonesia to the EU; James Manicom, CIGI, Canada; Jerome Cohen, New York University; Alice Ba, University of Delaware; and Euan Graham, Rajaratnam School of International Studies. Location: CSIS, 1616 Rhode Island Ave., NW. Contact:

ROOM FOR MANEUVER: SOCIAL SECTOR POLICY REFORM IN THE PHILIPPINES. 7/10, 2:00-3:00pm. Sponsors: Asia Foundation and Embassy of Australia. Speakers: Jaime Faustino, Director of Economic Programs, Asia Foundation, Manila; and Gerald Hyman, Senior Adviser and President, Hills Program on Governance, CSIS.

JAPAN'S NEW SECURITY AND DEFENSE POLICY: AN ENDURING PARTNERSHIP IN THE U.S.-JAPAN ALLIANCE. 7/11, 4:30-5:30pm. Sponsor: CSIS, Toyota Japan Chair. Speaker: His Excellency Itsunori Onodera, Minister of Defense of Japan; Moderated by: Michael J. Green, Senior Vice President for Asia and Toyota Japan Chair, CSIS.