Sunday, April 19, 2015

Monday in Washington, April 20, 2015

POLITICS OF A NUCLEAR DEAL: FORMER U.S. & IRANIAN OFFICIALS DEBATE. 4/20, 9:30-11:00am. Sponsors: US Institute of Peace, Wilson Center, Partnership for a Secure America, RAND Corporation, Center for New American Security, Stimson Center, Arms Control Association (ACA) and Ploughshares Fund. Speakers: Stephen Hadley, Chairman of the Board at the US Institute of Peace, Former National Security Advisor; Ali-Akbar Mousavi Khoeini, Former Member of Iran’s Parliament, Human Rights Advocate; Jim Slattery, Former Congressman (D-KS), Partner at Wiley Rein LLP; Howard Berman, Former Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee (D-CA), Senior Advisor at Covington & Burling LLP; Michael Singh, Former Director for Middle East Affairs at the National Security Council, Senior Fellow at the Washington Institute.

CHINA 2050 HIGH RENEWABLE ENERGY PENETRATION SCENARIO AND ROADMAP STUDY. 4/20, 10:30-11:45am. Sponsor: Resources for the Future (RFF). Speakers: Wang Zhongying, Director, China National Renewable Energy Center, National Development and Reform Commission in China; Samuel Baldwin, Chief Science Officer, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office; Li Junfeng, Director General, National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation, National Development and Reform Commission in China; Joanna Lewis, Associate Professor of Science, Technology and International Affairs, Georgetown University; Phil Sharp, President, RFF.

IMPLEMENTING COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION: THE PRIVATE SECTOR’S ROLE IN CTR. 4/20, Noon-2:00pm. Sponsor: Elliott School, George Washington University. Speaker: Ighor Uzhinsky, Senior Technical Project Manager, Orbital ATK.

JAPAN’S ROLE IN UN PEACEBUILDING EFFORTS: PROSPECTS FOR COOPERATION WITH THE UNITED STATES. 4/20, Noon-2:00pm, Lunch. Sponsor: Stimson Center. Speakers: Toshiya Hoshino, Professor at Osaka School of International Policy; Yuji Uesugi, Associate Professor Waseda University; Victoria Holt, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the US State Department; Yuki Tatsumi, Senior Associate of the East Asia Program at the Stimson Center.

A CASUALTY OF BUREAUCRACY? THE COMPELLING CASE FOR FREE TRADE AND LNG EXPORTS. 4/20, 12:30-2:00pm. Sponsor: SAIS, Johns Hopkins University. Speaker: Robert S. Franklin, President, ExxonMobil Gas & Power Marketing Company.

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UKRAINIAN ENERGY REFORMS AND EUROPEAN GAS SUPPLY. 4/20, 2:00-3:30pm. Sponsor: CSIS’s Energy and National Security Program. Speakers: Alan Riley, Professor of Law, City University in London; Amb. Richard Morningstar, Founding Director, Atlantic Council’s Global Energy

REMEMBERING WWII: THE 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF VICTORY. 4/20, 3:00-6:00pm. Sponsor: Kennan Institute, Wilson Center. Speakers; Sergey Kislyak , Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United States; Michael David-Fox , Fellow; Professor, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service and Dept. of History, Georgetown University; Daniel Newman, Program Manager, Initiative for the Study of the Holocaust in the Soviet Union, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum; Martin Sieff, Columnist, Post-Examiner; Senior Fellow, American University, Moscow.

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U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: FACING CHINA'S 100 YEAR MARATHON AS A RISING POWER. 4/20, 3:30 4:30pm. Sponsor: Mark Palmer Forum for Advancing Democracy, Freedom HouseSpeakers: author, Michael Pillsbury, Hudson Institute.; Sarah Cook, Freedom House, Senior Research Analyst for East Asia; Moderator;: Mark P. Lagon President, Freedom House

THE HISTORY MANIFESTO. 4/20, 4:00-5:30pm. Sponsor: Wilson Center’s (WWC) History and Public Policy Program. Speakers: Author Jo Guldi, Assistant Professor of History, Brown University; Author David Armitage, Professor History, Harvard University; Eric Arnesen, Professor of Modern American Labor History, George Washington University; J.R. McNeill, Professor of International Environmental History, Georgetown University; Rosemarie, Zagarri, Professor of Early American History, George Mason University.

THIRD ANNUAL NANCY BERNKOPF TUCKER MEMORIAL LECTURE ON U.S.-EAST ASIA RELATIONS. 4/20, 4:00-5:30pm, Reception. Sponsor: Wilson Center. Speaker: Thomas Fingar, Distinguished Fellow of the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University.

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PERSPECTIVES ON THE REBALANCE. 4/20, 6:00pm. Webcast. Sponsors: Council on Foreign Relations; Lowry Institute of International Policy. Speakers: Michael Fullilove, Executive Director, Lowy Institute for International Policy; Daniel Russel, Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, US Department of State.

MYANMAR: A NEW HOPE FOR SOUTHEAST ASIA? 4/20, 7:00-8:30pm. Sponsor: George Washington University’s (GWU) Elliott School. Speaker: Christina Fink Professor, GWU.

THE GLOBAL VATICAN: LECTURE BY AMBASSADOR ROONEY. 4/20, 7:00-8:30pm, Washington, DC. Sponsor: Georgetown University. Speaker: author Francis Rooney, former Ambassador to the Holy See.

Saturday, April 18, 2015

Hinting of remorse, but not responsibility.

In July 2014, Prime Minister Abe traveled to Australia and gave a speech to the country's parliament. His words were well received and viewed as thoughtful and healing. Thus, there is a focus on Abe's speech Down Under as a model for his upcoming address to a joint meeting of Congress on April 29th, Emperor Hirohito's birthday.

Will Americans and America's Pacific war veterans be satisfied with the same sort of statement? To understand why this is problematic, we reprint and analyze the relevant sections here:
Our fathers and grandfathers lived in a time that saw Kokoda and Sandakan. How many young Australians, with bright futures to come, lost their lives? And for those who made it through the war, how much trauma did they feel even years and years later, from these painful memories?

I can find absolutely no words to say. I can only stay humble against the evils and horrors of history.

May I most humbly speak for Japan and on behalf of the Japanese people here in sending my most sincere condolences towards the many souls who lost their lives.
I can find absolutely no words to say. I can only stay humble against the evils and horrors of history.

May I most humbly speak for Japan and on behalf of the Japanese people here in sending my most sincere condolences towards the many souls who lost their lives.
Many people believe that the Prime Minister used the word "remorse" in the speech. This is not true. It is not in the document.

Instead, he sends” his “condolences towards the many souls who lost their lives." It is a general expression of empathy without any hint of responsibility. Who was responsible for the dead?

Abe merely mentions “Sandakan." It dangles out there without explanation or reflection. It is associated with distant time, not tied to a series of human decisions. He does not say that “Sandakan” was a series of senseless death marches in 1945 on Borneo for approximately 2,400 Australian and British POWs. Only six Australians survived. Of those who died, most were never found.

He did not say that Sandakan was a callous, premeditated war crime perpetrated by an incompetent and fanatical leadership. He did not say that it was an atrocity perpetrated by Imperial Japan. He did not say there was any justification to march to death or murder these sick and defenseless men.

Americans should insulted if Abe mentioned the Bataan Death March in as off-handed a manner. No former POW of Japan will be satisfied to only receive a condolence for his suffering and the deaths of his buddies. They do not want a promise to do better and they certainly do not want condescending pity. They want the assurance that comes with acknowledgment of responsibility. They want to hear remorse.

Prime Minister Abe objects to his country’s past war apologies. He walked out on the vote for the 1995 war apology. He now shuns apologies and never mentions who was responsible for his country's most fatal mistakes.

Abe will squander his grandest opportunity to show that Japan has learned from 70 years of peace if he fails to say that Imperial Japan was responsible for the War. Americans want less an apology than an affirmation that what happened was wrong, very wrong.

Shinzo Abe's Duty to History

Tojo on trial
The Japanese prime minister does the U.S. no favors by overlooking his country’s past atrocities.

Professor of international relations at Yonsei University’s Graduate School of International Studies and a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
First appeared in the Wall Street Journal, April 16, 2015

All eyes in Asia are on Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe as he prepares to address a joint session of the U.S. Congress on April 29. This year being the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, what historical message will Mr. Abe choose to deliver?

He has roughly three options: admit the horrible wrongdoings of Japan’s military regime before and during World War II; stress a kind of moral equivalence between Japan and the U.S., as Tokyo started the war by attacking Pearl Harbor but Washington ended it by dropping two atomic bombs; or highlight Japan’s postwar history as a model democracy, America’s best friend in Asia and the region’s biggest contributor to economic development.

If Mr. Abe’s previous comments and actions are a guide, he will likely choose the second and third options, which reflect the narrative that most Japanese prefer. Mr. Abe has said that Japan must never go back to its imperialist past, but he has also stressed the solemn duty of honoring Japanese soldiers killed in World War II.

Yet if Mr. Abe continues to whitewash and ignore Japan’s wartime atrocities—including sexual slavery and grotesque medical experiments on live prisoners, including Americans—then Japan will lose its claim to being a postwar beacon of democracy, human rights and dignity.

Many Americans feel uneasy, if not fatigued, by the constant Chinese and South Korean focus on history. Yes, they say, Japan made terrible mistakes during the war, but that was 70 years ago and it’s time to move on. Besides, all countries have dark chapters in their histories, and China is hardly an exception. Japan has been a responsible major power since 1945, is one of the largest contributors to the United Nations and stands with the U.S. on virtually all the important issues. South Korea’s wounds are understandable, but a fellow democracy and major U.S. ally should have the courage to look beyond historical grievances.

Such assertions miss a central point: Japan’s benign postwar record doesn’t erase what came before. The still-mighty yen can buy many things, but it can’t buy the collective memory of Asians or even Americans.

Mr. Abe’s revisionism works against U.S. strategic interests—including President Obama’s signature pivot to Asia—because a Japan that won’t come to terms with history undermines regional reconciliation and provides China with its best excuse for growing its military. A Japan that denies history also raises China’s international profile and feeds a perception that China’s official voice is in harmony with the rest of Asia’s.

Amid China’s rise, ensuring security and stability in Asia isn’t just about maintaining effective deterrence and defense. It also requires strengthening Asian democracies and building up soft-power assets such as respect for human rights, civil liberties and historical reconciliation.

No matter how much Japan contributes to the U.S.-Japan alliance or overseas development assistance, a Japanese leader who is moved to tears by a hit movie on the sacrifices made by kamikaze pilots in World War II, or who disputes that 300,000 innocents were butchered in the 1937 Nanjing Massacre, can never win the hearts and minds of fellow Asians.

Mr. Abe may believe that winning hearts and minds isn’t nearly as important as turning Japan into an “unsinkable aircraft carrier.” But if that’s the exclusive message he wishes to convey to the U.S. Congress, he will forsake a golden opportunity to showcase Japan as an indispensable U.S. ally, a responsible counterpart vis-à-vis China and, most importantly, a friend to the rest of Asia.

Friday, April 17, 2015

Prime Minister of Japan’s Schedule December 1-7, 2014

Electioneering, who is running the country
Monday, December 1, 2014
12:00 At private residence (no visitors)
08:00 At private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo (no morning visitors)
09:12 Depart from private residence
09:29 Arrive at office
09:34 Courtesy call from Liaison Council of Municipalities in Nemuro Subprefecture for Development of Regions near the Northern Territories’ Mayor of Nemuro City (Hokkaido Prefecture) Hasegawa Shunsuke and colleagues
09:43 Courtesy call ends
09:44 Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary for Crisis Management Nishimura Yasuhiko, Assistant Chief Cabinet Secretary Takamizawa Nobushige, and Director of Cabinet Intelligence Kitamura Shigeru enter
09:54 Mr. Nishimura and Mr. Takamizawa leave
10:01 Mr. Kitamura leaves

12:37 Depart from office
12:44 Arrive at Nippon Press Center Building in Uchisaiwai-cho, Tokyo
01:05 Question Time Meeting with 8 Political Parties hosted by Japan National Press Club commences
03:07 Question Time Meeting closes
03:09 Depart from Nippon Press Center Building
03:14 Arrive at LDP Party Headquarters
03:22 LDP Election Strategy Board of Directors Meeting
04:44 Meeting ends
05:06 Depart from LDP Party Headquarters
05:09 Arrive at office
05:32 Depart from office
05:51 Arrive at NHK in Jinnan, Tokyo
05:54 Speak with Minister in charge of Promoting Women’s Empowerment Arimura Haruko in waiting room
05:59 Finish speaking with Ms. Arimura
06:23 Filming for broadcast of political views related to Lower House Election proportional representation seats
06:58 Finish filming
07:01 Depart from NHK
07:14 Arrive at The Capitol Hotel Tokyu in Nagata-cho, Tokyo. Dinner with secretaries at restaurant ORIGAMI within hotel
08:00 Depart from hotel
08:09 Arrive at Nippon TV in Higashi-Shinbashi, Tokyo. Filming for new program
09:39 Depart from Nippon TV
09:59 Arrive at private residence

Tuesday, December 2, 2014
12:00 At private residence (no visitors)
06:46 Depart from private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo
07:06 Arrive at JR Tokyo Station
07:13 Depart from station on Yamabiko no. 123
07:44 Interview with NHK
07:49 Interview ends
08:47 Arrive at JR Fukushima Station
08:54 Depart from station
10:47 Arrive at Matsukawa Bay Fishing Harbor in Soma City, Fukushima Prefecture. Soapbox speech
11:01 Depart from harbor
11:26 Arrive at set menu shop Hanazen in Yamamoto Town, Miyagi Prefecture. Lunch with secretaries
11:59 Depart from shop

12:03 Arrive at front of Japanese-style restaurant Denen in Yamamoto Town. Soapbox speech
12:16 Depart from restaurant
01:19 Arrive at front of supermarket York Benimaru, Ishinomaki Hebita location in Ishinomaki City, Miyagi Prefecture. Soapbox speech
01:46 Depart from supermarket
02:11 Arrive at Kazuga Parking Area in Rifu Town, Miyagi Prefecture. Shopping at vendors
02:20 Depart from parking area
02:56 Arrive at front of facility complex building AER in Sendai City. Soapbox speech
03:21 Depart from facility complex
03:23 Arrive at JR Sendai Station
03:44 Depart from station on Yamabiko no. 146
05:47 Arrive at JR Tokyo Station
05:52 Depart from station
06:06 Arrive at office
06:54 Depart from office
06:59 Arrive at NHK Chidoya Broadcasting Hall in Kioi-cho, Tokyo. Appear on news program
07:44 Depart from broadcasting hall
07:48 Arrive at official residence
08:31 Depart from official residence
08:39 Arrive at TBS Broadcasting Center in Akasaka, Tokyo
10:05 Depart from broadcasting center
10:22 Arrive at private residence

Wednesday, December 3, 2014 
12:00 At private residence (no visitors)
07:16 Depart from private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo
07:38 Arrive at JR Tokyo Station
07:48 Depart from station on Max Toki no. 307
09:03 Arrive at JR Echigo-Yuzawa Station
09:14 Depart from station on Hakutaka no. 4
10:09 Arrive at JR Naoetsu Station
10:13 Leave station
10:14 Arrive at front of station. Soapbox speech
10:43 Depart from station
11:31 Arrive at front of performing arts center Art Forêt in Kashiwazaki City, Niigata Prefecture. Soapbox speech
11:59 Depart from performing arts center

12:50 Arrive at restaurant Bistro and Café Rikuchokan in Tsubame City. Lunch
01:24 Depart from restaurant
01:28 Arrive at front of AEON main Niigata prefectural location in Tsubame City. Soapbox speech
01:43 Depart from AEON
02:44 Arrive at front of Shibata City Culture Center in Shibata City, Niigata Prefecture
03:01 Depart from Shibata City Culture Center
03:58 Arrive at front of JR Niigata Station. Soapbox speech
04:18 Leave front of station
04:21 Arrive at JR Niigata Station
04:45 Depart from station on Max Toki no. 338
05:41 Film for NHK program
05:56 Finish filming
06:59 Arrive at JR Tokyo Station
07:01 Depart from station
07:12 Arrive at official residence
07:30 Depart from official residence
07:43 Arrive at TV Asahi in Roppongi, Tokyo
09:03 Depart from TV Asahi
09:23 Arrive at private residence

Thursday, December 4, 2014
12:00 At private residence (no visitors)
07:02 Depart from private residence in Tomigaya, Tokyo
07:30 Arrive at Haneda Airport
07:56 Depart from airport on All Nippon Airways (ANA) Flight 93
09:10 Arrive at Kansai Airport
09:22 Depart from airport
10:06 Arrive at front of JR Wakayama Station. Soapbox speech
10:20 Depart from station
10:56 Arrive at front of Open-Air Market by Izumisano Fishermen’s Cooperative Association in Izumisano City, Osaka Prefecture. Soapbox speech
11:10 Depart from open-air market
11:45 Arrive at front of Semboku Rapid Railway Izumi-Chuo Station in Izumi City, Osaka Prefecture
12:03 Depart from station
12:30 Arrive at front of Semboku Rapid Railway Izumi-Gaoka in Minami Ward, Sakai City. Soapbox speech
12:49 Depart from station
01:00 Arrive at office of Lower House Election LDP candidate in Nishi Ward, Sakai City. Lunch
01:23 Depart from candidate’s office
02:03 Arrive at front of Sakai City Hall. Soapbox speech
02:21 Depart from city hall
02:45 Arrive at front of Nishinari Ward Office, Osaka City. Soapbox speech
02:58 Depart from ward office
03:49 Arrive at front of Kintetsu Yao Station in Yao City, Osaka Prefecture. Soapbox speech
04:10 Depart from station
04:50 Arrive at front of Keihan Moriguchishi Station in Moriguchi City, Osaka Prefecture. Soapbox speech
05:05 Depart from station
05:40 Arrive at front of JR Shin-Osaka Station. Soapbox speech
05:57 Depart from station
06:40 Arrive at front of JR Takatsuki Station. Soapbox speech
07:03 Depart from station
07:37 Arrive at Itami Airport
08:28 Depart from airport on ANA Flight 40
09:20 Arrive at Haneda Airport
09:32 Depart from airport
09:59 Arrive at private residence

Monday, April 13, 2015

Womenomics is it for real?


Womenomics for Japan: is the Abe policy for gendered employment viable in an era of precarity?

By Helen Macnaughtan, Senior Lecturer in International Business and Management (Japan) at SOAS, University of London and Co-editor of Japan Forum, the official journal of the British Association for Japanese Studies (BAJS)

First published in The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol. 13, Issue 12, No. 1, March 30, 2015

Summary: Womenomics is a theory that advocates the empowerment of women, arguing that enabling women to have access to equal participation in an economy and society will result in economic benefits and social progress. The need for Japan to implement womenomics was first advocated by Kathy Matsui in 1999, and since 2013 Prime Minister Abe’s government has pledged to promote womenomics as policy.1 In theory, womenomics is a viable policy for Japan. I argue, however, that gendered norms and practices in Japanese society act as a strong impediment to its realization. In addition, the approach being taken by the Abe government is flawed by underlying gender bias. This article outlines the historical context of current womenomics policy, provides a critical analysis of implementation strategies discussing progress and socio-structural obstacles, and concludes with an assessment of the viability of womenomics for Japan.

Prime Minister of Japan Abe Shinzō has pledged to create a society in which “all women can shine” (subete no josei ga kagayaku nihon e). Writing in the Wall Street Journal in September 2013, Abe acknowledged that womenomics was not a new concept, but that his government’s commitment to pursuing it in Japan was new.2 Why is the government now adopting womenomics? There are arguably two key reasons. First, Japan has come under increasing international criticism because of the low level of gender equality in society, including high profile comments such as that from Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the IMF.3 Since 1999, Kathy Matsui of Goldman Sachs Japan has argued that a key solution for Japan’s economic woes is her brand of womenomics, advocating breaking down structural impediments in the labour market and raising female labour participation to that of men in order to generate GDP growth. At the very least, Abe wants to appear to be responding to this international criticism and has latched onto the concept of womenomics, a term which fits neatly into his Abenomics policy. Second, on the domestic front, Japan is dealing with well-known demographic and economic challenges, including a declining and aging population, low birth rate, emerging labour shortage, low GDP growth rates, deflation and stagnating levels of domestic investment and consumer spending. All of this has combined to prompt the government to acknowledge that Japanese women have long been underutilised in the economy and must now be called upon to help ‘save Japan’.

Since taking office in December 2012, Abe has been pushing his agenda of economic growth and reform known as Abenomics. With the headline that “Japan is Back”, Abenomics is focused on the so-called “three arrows” of (1) fiscal stimulus (2) monetary easing and (3) structural reform. As part of the third arrow, Abe has been citing ‘womenomics’ with a promise to enable Japanese women to ‘shine’, better contribute to the economy and reach leadership positions. But in precisely what way and how are women to ‘shine’? Is Abenomics a program, a set of policies, or simply a somewhat condescending statement that women have not been ‘shining’ in Japan.4 Based on Matsui’s central argument about enabling women to raise their current levels of participation in the paid economy, the Abe government claims that it is advancing a new approach to women’s employment. However, I will demonstrate that, far from a new approach, it remains wedded to much that has been attempted previously and with scant results. In the early 1960s, Japanese women were perceived as essential to meet increased demand for labour under high levels of economic growth. Given official reluctance to seek additional labour via immigration, women were encouraged into the workplace. Specifically, they were encouraged to work for a few years before marriage as regular workers and then again after several years of child-rearing as non-regular workers.5

The result was a system of highly gendered employment that continues today. Under the guise of womenomics, many aspects of this system are being reinforced and Japanese women are again being asked to fill a gap. This time there is both a supply and demand gap for them to help re-stimulate economic growth. This is due in part to the long underutilisation of female labour but is also the product of a growing labour shortage under depopulation. The government once again wants more women to work as a means to fill a perceived employment gap and support a core male labour force. I show that Abe’s brand of womenomics has little intention to question the gendered status quo of an employment system that allocates productive roles to men and reproductive roles to women. On the surface there is the promise of delivering gender equality, but gender equality has been debated since the mid-1980s only to stall again and again. If the Abe government really had gender equality as an aim then key barriers both in society and in the workplace would need to be challenged and overcome. Herein lies the crux of the policy known as womenomics that is being prescribed for Japan by Matsui and loosely translated by the Abe government. In sum, the womenomics being prescribed for Japan assumes an implicit gender bias: the assumption that core male employment is normative. Moreover, womenomics will have only limited success at best because it is focused on women. In order to really deliver employment equality, womenomics needs to include men too.

The gendered life cycle of work in Japan

Japan’s post-war employment system is well-known for being distinctly gendered, and has been described as having a “gender fault line”.6 The system is founded on the male breadwinner model, with men primarily responsible for productive roles and women for reproductive roles within the family unit and more broadly in society. At its core, this division of labour is premised on harnessing the strong commitment of a core male workforce with stable employment while making use of a supporting non-regular workforce which has increasingly comprised female workers. While the male breadwinner model was certainly not unique to Japan in the early post-war years, its persistence as an ideology over time is striking, particularly when comparing employment practices with that in other advanced nations. Even though the reality of this model has been much debated – with the acknowledgement that at best only one third of the Japanese workforce has ever been within this core elite ‘lifetime’ system – this model continues to be held as an ‘ideal’ and is a pervasive force underpinning the political and institutional organisation of work. While acknowledging the increasingly precarious reality of work for both women and men in Japan, I will argue that an attachment to this male breadwinner model continues to impede any real progress toward gender equality, and that any solution to employment problems must go beyond Abe conceptions of womenomics and seek to break down gendered norms for both men and women in Japan.

Yes, the United States cares about the comfort women, but

Kennedy name still resonates in Japan 
After a year and half on the job, Amb. Caroline Kennedy has helped strengthen U.S.-Japan relations -- an alliance her father was keen to build

From the transcript of the 60 Minutes Interview aired on April 11, you can see the US defense of the Comfort Women is weak and pusillanimous. The Abe Government will never take Washington seriously with a statement like this:

From NYpost
At times Abe hasn't made it easy for Kennedy. He stoked anger throughout much of Asia one month into her assignment by publicly paying homage to Japan's war dead, including 14 war criminals, at Tokyo's infamous Yasukuni Shrine...more recently he's argued that widely accepted accounts of Japanese soldiers abusing what were known as comfort women during World War II are exaggerated. 

Norah O'Donnell: What are your thoughts on that? 

Caroline Kennedy: Well, I think as President Obama said when he was here in the region last spring, I mean, the violation of human rights that that represents is deplorable. But I think our interest is to encourage the countries to work together and resolve those differences. 

Norah O'Donnell: That's a diplomatic answer. 

Caroline Kennedy: But it's true! 

Norah O'Donnell: No, but what is true is there are thousands of women who were enslaved during World War II in military brothels to service the Japanese military. I mean, is he trying to whitewash history? 

Caroline Kennedy: Well, the challenge for Japan-Korea, for Japan-U.S. is to learn from the past so that these horrible violations are never, ever repeated. 

Abe wasn't elected to revise the past but to revitalize the economy, an imperative given what's happened to Japan.

Sunday, April 12, 2015

Monday in Washington, April 13, 2015

SEA-AIR-SPACE 50TH ANNIVERSARY SYMPOSIUM: 50 YEARS OF MARITIME EXCELLENCE AND INNOVATION. 4/13-4/15, National Harbor, MD. Sponsor: The Navy League of the United States. Speakers: Adm. Jonathan Greenert, Chief of Naval Operations; Gen. Joseph Dunford, Marine Corps Commandant; Adm. Paul Zukunft, Coast Guard Commandant; Paul Jaenichen Sr., Transportation Maritime Administrator; Vice Adm. Terry Benedict, Strategic Systems Programs Director. 

THE INAUGURAL CONFERENCE ON INDIA'S ECONOMY. 4/13, 8:15am-5:00pm, Breafast, Lunch. Sponsors: US India Business Council and GWU Institute For International Economic Policy. Speakers: Rakesh Mohan, Executive Director at the IMF representing India; Poonam Gupta, Senior Economist in the Development Economics Vice Presidency of the World Bank; Jay Shambaugh , Professor and Chair at GWU; Anusha Chari, Associate Professor of Economics at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Kalpana Kochhar, Deputy Director in the Strategy, Policy and Review Department of the IMF; Rajeev Dehejia, Associate Professor of Public Policy at NYU; Nandini Gupta, Associate Professor of Finance at Indiana University; Ejaz Ghani, Economic Adviser for the World Bank; William Kerr, Professor at Harvard Business School; Ishani Tewari, Lecturer in Marketing at Yale School of Management; Sunil Sharma, Director and Chair of the IMF; Martin Rama, Chief Economist in the South Asia Region of the World Bank; Remi Jedwab, Assistant Professor of Economics and International Affairs at GWU; Arun Kumar, Assistant Secretary Of Commerce For Global Markets And Director General Of The U.S. And Foreign Commercial Service; James Foster, Professor of Economics and International Affairs at GWu; Sabina Alkire, Director of the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative; Vijayendra Rao, Lead Economist in the Development Research Group of the World Bank; Stephen Smith, Professor of Economics and International Affairs; Thangavel Palanivel, Chief Economist for Asia-Pacific at UNDP; Yue Li, Economist in World Bank’s South Asia Region; Piritta Sorsa, Head of Division Country Studies for the Economics Department at the OECD; Swami Nathan Aiyar, Journalist and Columnist for the Economic Times, Research Fellow at Cato; Rakesh Mohan, Executive Director at the IMF, Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India; Ajay Chhibber, Director of India’s Independent Evaluation Organization.

IRAQ UNDER ABADI: BRIDGING SECTARIAN DIVIDES IN THE FACE OF ISIS. 4/13, 9:00-10:15am. Sponsor: AEI. Speakers: Brian Katulis, Center for American Progress; Denise Natali, National Defense University; Douglas Ollivant, New America Foundation and Mantid International; Michael Rubin, AEI.

THE KIM DYNASTY AND THE KOREAN CHALLENGE. 4/13, 10:00am. Sponsor: CNA Analysis & Solutions. Speaker: Ken Gause, Director of International Affairs, CNA Corp.

THE IRAN NUCLEAR DEAL. 4/13, 11:00am-1:30pm. Sponsor: Carnegie Endowment (CEIP). Speakers: Jessica Mathews, CEIP; Sponsor: Vaez, International Crisis Group; George Perkovich, CEIP; Karim Sadjadpour, CEIP; Yezid Sayigh, CEIP’s Middle East Center; Frederic Wehrey, CEIP.

WEBCAST: BIG DATA FOR DEFENSE AND NATIONAL SECURITY: MAINTAINING THE US TECHNOLOGICAL EDGE. 4/13, 11:00am-Noon. Sponsor: Defense One. Speakers: Paul Cohen, Program Manager, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; Jason Matheny, Associate Director, Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity’s Office for Anticipating Surprise; Patrick Tucker, Technology Editor, Defense One.

IRAN-P5+1 FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT: SOME ANSWERS, MORE QUESTIONS. 4/13, Noon-1:30pm. Sponsor: Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA). Speakers: Eric Edelman, Former Defense Undersecretary for Policy; John Hannah, Former National Security Advisor to the Vice President; Ray Takeyh, Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations; Alan Makovsky, Former Senior Professional Staff Member, House Foreign Affairs Committee; Michael Makovsky, CEO, JINSA.

OUTLOOK FOR THE 114TH CONGRESS. 4/13, 12:30pm. Sponsor: Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). Speakers: Rep. John Tierney, D-Mass; Mike Rogers, National Security Contributor for CNN; Jake Tapper, Chief Washington Correspondent for CNN.

WEBCAST: STATE OF THE WORLD 2015 SYMPOSIUM. 4/13, 1:00pm. Sponsor: Worldwatch Institute. Speakers: Symposium Co-Directors Michael Renner and Tom Prugh; Gary Gardner, Senior Fellow, Worldwatch Institute; Nathan John Hagens, Co-Founder and Director, Bottleneck Foundation; Peter A. Victor, Professor in Environmental Studies, York University; Catherine Machalaba, EcoHealth Alliance Program Coordinator for Health and Policy.

ACQUISITION REFORM: INCREASING COMPETITION, CUTTING COSTS AND OUT-INNOVATING THE ENEMY. 4/13, 1:30-3:30pm. Sponsor: Brookings Institution. Speakers: Frank Kendall, Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics; William Lynn II, CEO, Finmeccanica North America and DRS Technologies Inc.; Jason Tama, Federal Executive Fellow, Brookings; Michael O’Hanlon, Co-Director, Center for 21st Century Security, Brookings.

FILM SCREENING: HAFU: THE MIXED-RACE EXPERIENCE IN JAPAN. 4/13, 2:00-4:15pm. Sponsor: Wilson Center’s (WWC) Asia Program. Speakers: Director Megumi Nishikura; Michael Strausz, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Texas Christian University; Shihoko Goto, Senior Associate for Northeast Asia, WWC.

CRACKING DOWN ON MILITANCY IN PAKISTAN. 4/13, 3:30-5:00pm. Sponsor: Atlantic Council. Speakers: Omar Hamid, Head of Asia Pacific Country Risk, IHS; Shuja Nawaz, Fellow, Atlantic Council’s South Asia Center.

ONE YEAR LATER: INDO-US TRADE – EXPECTATIONS, APPREHENSIONS AND SOLUTIONS. 4/13, 4:00-6:00pm. Sponsors: US-India Business Council (USIBC); Khaitan & Co.; South Asian Bar Association of Washington, DC. Speakers: William Cohen, USIBC Board Member; Robert Holleyman, Deputy US Trade Representative; Arun Kumar, Assistant Commerce Secretary for Global Markets.

DEVELOPMENT, DIPLOMACY AND GENDER: A CONVERSATION IN HONOR OF CAROL LANCASTER. 4/13, 4:00-5:30pm. Sponsor: Georgetown University’s Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs. Speakers: Melanne Verveer, Executive Director, Institute for Women, Peace and Security; Katherine Marshall, Senior Fellow, Berkley Center; Donald McHenry, Professor, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown; Steven Radelet, Director, Global Human Development Program, Georgetown; Thomas Banchoff, Vice President for Global Engagement, Georgetown.